Botulinum Toxin is a purified protein made from botulism bacteria, which binds to the nerve endings, preventing the release of the chemical transmitters that activate muscles. When injected into specific areas of the face, it paralyzes the small muscles that cause frown lines, crow’s feet, horizontal forehead creases, and other facial wrinkles. The goal is to weaken the muscles that contribute to aging and sagging and to strengthen the muscles that lift. The injections are relatively painless, and the effect lasts from three to four months. Botox is fully metabolized by the body so it does not remain in the system.
Botulinum toxin treatment decreases local muscle activity, thereby preventing the appearance of “dynamic” wrinkles that are caused by repeated facial expressions. The effect generally lasts from three to four months. In some cases, after multiple treatments, results can last longer in between treatments.
Botox is used to treat wrinkles which are caused by contractions of the delicate underlying facial muscles every time you smile, laugh or frown. The more emotion you show, the deeper these wrinkles and lines are likely to be. Botox blocks impulses from the nerve to the tiny facial muscles that are related to expression lines. Botox relaxes the muscles so they do not contract. This treatment can be used to reduce forehead lines, lines around the eyes, frown lines, vertical lip lines and neck creases. It can also be used to create a brow-lift, neck lift, reduce nasal flaring and "gummy smile"
After treatment, the overlying skin remains smooth and unwrinkled while the untreated facial muscles contract in a normal fashion, allowing normal facial expression to be unaffected.